Overcoming very late severe calcific stenosis due to two layers of
under-expanded stents with intravascular lithotripsy treatment: a case
Under-expanded stents in calcific coronary stenoses are a common
challenge for interventional cardiologists as we undertake more complex
coronary interventions for older population cohorts. It results in
short-term and long-term stent failure and adverse patient outcomes.
These complex lesions can be treated after many years with intravascular