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Triple Semicircular Canal Occlusion Combined with Endolymphatic Sac Decompression: An Effective Surgical Strategy for Vertigo Control of Intractable Meniere’s Disease
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  • Bingbin Xie,
  • Meiqun Wang,
  • Yunxia Jiang,
  • Wen Xie,
  • Shaorong Zhang,
  • Yuehui Liu
Bingbin Xie
The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University
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Meiqun Wang
The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University
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Yunxia Jiang
The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University
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Wen Xie
The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University
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Shaorong Zhang
The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University
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Yuehui Liu
The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University
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Abstract

Objective: To investigate the symptomatic relief and functional preservation of a novel surgical strategy combined with triple semicircular canal occlusion and endolymphatic sac decompression in patients with intractable Meniere’s disease. Design: Retrospective analysis. Setting: Patients with intractable Meniere’s disease in the Department of Otolaryngology Head & Neck in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University between July 2015 and June 2019. Participants: Data from 46 patients diagnosed with Meniere’s disease, and underwent surgery Methods: Triple semicircular canal occlusion combined with endolymphatic sac decompression was performed in all patients with intractable Meniere’s disease. Pre- and postoperative vertigo attacks, hearing levels, tinnitus, aural fullness, and equilibrium function rehabilitation were analyzed at defined time points during follow-up. Results: A significant vertigo control rate was observed in all patients postoperatively. The overall control rate of vertigo postoperatively was 100% in the entire follow-up, with a complete control rate of 97.8% and a substantial control rate of 2.2%. The rate of hearing preservation was 54.35%, and all patients suffering from hearing deterioration were at stages III and IV. The rate of tinnitus and aural fullness alleviation was 65.8% and 100%, respectively. Four patients failed to regain the equilibrium function postoperatively. Conclusion: Combining triple semicircular canal occlusion with endolymphatic sac decompression is an efficient strategy for vertigo control in patients with intractable Meniere’s disease. Patients in advanced stages suffered more from hearing function deterioration. Hearing preservation and tinnitus alleviation warrant further investigation.