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Characteristics and moisture sources of the stable isotopes in precipitation in the monsoon marginal region of north-central China
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  • Yiping Zhang,
  • Junliang Xu,
  • Yafei Yan,
  • Wei Su,
  • Zhiqiang Shi,
  • Lei Zhu
Yiping Zhang
Henan University of Science and Technology
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Junliang Xu
Henan University of Science and Technology
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Yafei Yan
Henan University of Science and Technology
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Wei Su
Henan University of Science and Technology
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Zhiqiang Shi
Henan University of Science and Technology
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Lei Zhu
Henan University of Science and Technology
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Abstract

The stable hydrogen and oxygen isotopes in precipitation (δD and δ18O, respectively) are important source signatures for understanding the hydrological cycle and paleoclimatic reconstruction. In this study, 32 precipitation samples were collected from April to October 2014 at the Luya Mountain summit, a representative site in the monsoon marginal area of north-central China. The isotopic signatures of precipitation exhibited strong seasonal variations ranging from -185.61‰ to -18.50‰ and -25.51‰ to -4.59‰ for δD and δ18O, respectively, which were relatively higher in August and lower in September. The local meteoric water line was δD=(7.95±0.16) δ18O+(15.79±1.77) (R2 = 0.988, N = 32, p < 0.001), which had a similar slope but higher intercept than that of the global meteoric water line, indicating that the precipitation in this area is mainly sourced from the ocean surface transported via monsoons. Additionally, the secondary evaporated water by continental recycled moisture was identified by the significantly higher deuterium excess value (16.09‰). Backward trajectories generated via the Hybrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory model indicated seasonal moisture transport changes in the studied monsoonal marginal region, in which the main moisture sources were the Westerly winds in April, the Pacific Ocean in July, and the Indian Ocean in September. Secondary evaporated water from the alpine ecosystem may also influence the local atmospheric water cycle throughout the year. Positive temperature-isotopic signature effect (δD and δ18O) was observed in the cold season (before mid-May); however, the precipitation amount effect was observed in the monsoon season from June to August, and both effects became vague across the entire period. These findings suggest that the stable isotope compositions of precipitation can be utilized to determine the moisture sources in the monsoon marginal region of north-central China and potentially be utilized to reconstruct the precipitation signals in this region.