loading page

Carotid Vascular Strain Predicts Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Hypertension
  • +1
  • Wei-Chuan Tsai,
  • Wen-Huang Lee,
  • Huey-Ru Tsai,
  • Mu-Shiang Huang
Wei-Chuan Tsai
National Cheng Kung University Medical Center
Author Profile
Wen-Huang Lee
National Cheng Kung University Medical Center
Author Profile
Huey-Ru Tsai
National Cheng Kung University Medical Center
Author Profile
Mu-Shiang Huang
National Cheng Kung University Medical Center
Author Profile

Abstract

Background: We aim to investigate prognostic effects of carotid strain (CS) and strain rate (CSR) in hypertension. Methods: We prospectively recruited 120 patients being treated for hypertension (65.8 ± 11.8 years, 58% male) in this observational study. Peak circumferential CS and peak CSR after ejection were identified using two-dimensional speckle tracking ultrasound. Major cardiovascular events were any admission for stroke, acute coronary syndrome, and heart failure. Results: After a mean follow-up period of 63.6 ± 14.5 months, 14 (12%) patients had cardiovascular events. Age (75.3 ± 9.2 vs. 64.6 ± 11.6 years; p = 0.001), systolic blood pressure (131.8 ± 15.5 vs. 143.1 ± 16.6 mmHg; p = 0.021), diastolic blood pressure (74.6 ±11.4 vs. 82.1 ± 12.2 mmHg; p = 0.039), use of diuretics (71 vs. 92 %; p = 0.014), carotid CS (2.17 ± 1.02 vs. 3.28 ± 1.14 %; p = 0.001), and CSR (0.28 ± 0.17 vs. 0.51 ± 0.18 1/s; p <0.001) were significantly different between the patients who did and did not reach the end-points. Multivariate Cox regression analysis controlling for age, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and use of diuretics showed that CS (HR 0.425, 95%CI 0.223-0.811, p = 0.009) and CSR (HR 0.001, 95%CI 0.000-0.072, p = 0.001) were independent predictors for cardiovascular events. Conclusion: In conclusions, decreased CS and CSR were associated with cardiovascular events in hypertension.

Peer review status:UNDER REVIEW

24 May 2021Submitted to Echocardiography
24 May 2021Assigned to Editor
24 May 2021Submission Checks Completed
01 Jun 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned