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Combined multivariate statistical and flux balance analyses uncover media bottlenecks to the growth and productivity of CHO cell cultures
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  • Hock Chuan Yeo,
  • Seo-Young Park,
  • Tessa Tan,
  • Say Kong Ng,
  • Meiyappan Lakshmanan,
  • Dong-Yup Lee
Hock Chuan Yeo
Bioprocessing Technology Institute
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Seo-Young Park
Sungkyunkwan University College of Natural Science
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Tessa Tan
Bioprocessing Technology Institute
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Say Kong Ng
Bioprocessing Technology Institute
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Meiyappan Lakshmanan
Bioprocessing Technology Institute
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Dong-Yup Lee
Sungkyunkwan University College of Natural Science
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Abstract

Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are widely used for producing recombinant proteins. To enhance their growth, productivity, and product quality, practically media reformulation has been one of key focuses with several technical challenges which are due to the myriad of intricate molecular and regulatory mechanisms underlying the media effects on culture behaviours; it is highly required to systematically characterize metabolic bottlenecks of cell cultures in various media conditions. To do so, we combined multivariate statistical analysis with flux balance analysis of a genome-scale metabolic model of CHO cells based on the culture profiles of CHO-DG44 under one commercial medium and two in-house media. At the outset, we used partial least square regression to identify metabolite exchanges that are correlated to specific growth and productivity. By using a commercial medium as reference, we found sub-optimal level of four nutrients and two metabolic wastes that plausibly hinder cell growth and productivity with in-house media. Subsequently, we elucidated that the recycling of lactate and ammonia wastes to be affected by both glutamine and asparagine metabolisms mechanistically, and further modulated by hitherto unsuspected folate and choline supplements. In summary, the current work successfully demonstrated how multivariate statistical analysis can be synergistically combined with in silico analysis of metabolic models to uncover the mechanistic elements underlying the differing performance of various media. Our approach for the systematic identification of promising nutrient targets thus paves the way for cell culture medium reformulation to enhance cellular growth and recombinant protein production.

Peer review status:UNDER REVIEW

19 Jul 2021Submitted to Biotechnology Journal
19 Jul 2021Assigned to Editor
19 Jul 2021Submission Checks Completed
22 Jul 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned