A bendable UHF RFID tag antenna using non-uniform meandered lines for retail garments in the textile industry is presented. Based on an earlier UHF RFID tag antenna using nonuniform meandered lines, the proposed tag is fully bendable and aimed to be embedded in retail garments for long-life cycles. As a result, a relatively low cost, wide band, compactness and good conjugate matching with good dipole-like read range is presented. Results showed an antenna with a wide bandwidth of 900MHz and a long read range of 10.1m making the UHF RFID tag antenna using non-uniform meandered lines a potential candidate for retail garments in bendable applications of the textile industry. Simulations are corroborated by measurements and are in fairly agreement.
Device insertion is a common cardiovascular procedure. Devices are implanted into the right heart; which is a safeguard against systemic thromboembolism. Lead insertion into the left ventricle is rare. This is a case of a defibrillator lead inadvertently inserted into the left cavity. This was discovered 6 years later.
Introduction: Disordered coagulation, clot formation and distal limb ischemia are complications of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) with significant morbidity and mortality. Medicinal leech therapy (hirudotherapy) has been attempted in plastic and orthopedic surgeries to improve venous congestion and salvage ischemic flaps. To our knowledge this has not been reported in pediatric cardiac surgery or during ECMO support. We present a complex neonate whose ECMO course was complicated by distal limb ischemia for whom leech therapy was attempted. Patient and Intervention: A 2 week-old 2.7 kg infant required ECMO support secondary to perioperative multiorgan system dysfunction following repair of critical coarctation and ventricular septal defect. Despite systemic anticoagulation, his clinical course was complicated by arterial thrombus, vasopressor-induced vascular spasm and bilateral distal limb ischemia. Medicinal leech therapy was tried after initially failing conventional measures. Result: Following the third leech application, this patient developed significant hemorrhage from the web space adjacent to the left great toe. An estimated 450 mL of blood loss occurred and more than 300 mL of blood product transfusions were required. He ultimately progressed to irreversible systemic end organ dysfunction and comfort care was provided. Conclusion: The use of medicinal leech therapy in pediatric cardiac surgery may be considered to minimize the consequences of advanced limb ischemia and venous congestion. However, this should be used with caution while patients are systemically anticoagulated during ECMO support. A directed review is presented here to assist in determining optimal application and potential course of therapy.
Proteus syndrome (PS) is a complex disorder characterized by variable clinical findings of overgrowth and tumor susceptibility. This report presents the first known association between PS and an ovarian germ cell tumor in an adolescent with immature teratoma. A review of the diagnosis of PS and associated tumors is included.
The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is used to prevent complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery; although some results are controversial nowadays even contradictory. A new article on this field is published in this edition and shows that the risk factors for in-hospital mortality are the preoperative plasma creatinine level and cardiopulmonary bypass time in 177 patients. About the prophylactic use of the IABP regarding mortality the results reflected so far in meta-analyses have been highly contradictory between them, and the risk factors associated with it have been several and different. This lack of evidence has resulted in the continued variation of IABP use in these procedures. A large, multicenter RCT is certainly required to take the next step towards more definitive evidence, either for or against, the use of IABP in high-risk CABG. Until then, the unanswered questions regarding this topic will remain.
Background: The success of subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) mostly depends on regular injections. Our aim was to investigate adherence to SCIT with aeroallergens during the COVID-19 pandemic and demonstrate clinical consequences of treatment disruptions in real-life. Methods: Visual analogue scale for quality of life (VAS-QoL), VAS for symptom scores (VAS-symptom), medication scores (MSs) and total symptom scores (TSS-6) were recorded during the pandemic in 327 adult allergic rhinitis and/or asthmatic patients receiving maintenance SCIT and these scores were compared with the pre-pandemic data. Patients were grouped according to SCIT administration intervals; no delay (Group 1), <2 months (Group 2), and ≥2 month intervals (Group 3). Results: 104 (31.8%) patients (Group 3) were considered as non-adherent which was mostly related to receiving SCIT with HDMs and using public transportation for reaching the hospital. Median MS, VAS-symptom and TSS-6 scores of Group 3 patients during the pandemic were higher than the pre-pandemic scores (p=0.005, p<0.001, p<0.001, respectively) whereas median VAS-QoL scores of Group 3 during the pandemic were lower than the pre-pandemic scores (p<0.001). Median TSS-6 and VAS-symptom scores were the highest in Group 3 compared to other groups (p<0.001 for each comparison). Median VAS-QoL scores were the lowest in Group 3 compared to Group 1 and Group 2 (p<0.001, p=0.043, respectively). Conclusion: When precautions in allergy clinics are carefully applied, adherence to SCIT can be high during a pandemic. Patients must be warned about adhering to SCIT injections since delays in SCIT administration can deteriorate clinical symptoms.
Ecological theory recognizes the importance of the variety of species for maintaining the functioning of ecosystems and their derived services. We assert that when studying the effects of shifts in biodiversity levels using mathematical models, their dynamics must be sensitive to the variety of species traits but not to raw species numbers, a property that we call scale--invariance. We present a testing procedure for verifying scale--invariance of ecological network models ---with or without trait adaptation--- expressed as ODEs. Furthermore, we applied our test to several influential models used for evaluating biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning. In most of the surveyed studies the equations failed our test. This raises doubts about the validity of previous results and calls for revisiting the theory derived from these studies. Our results foster the creation of artifact--free models, a necessary step towards building a more robust theory of biodiversity--driven ecosystem functioning.
Background: Adults with cardiopulmonary conditions are at increased risk for complications from influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, but few data are available from middle-income countries. Methods: Using data from a prospective cohort study of influenza vaccine effectiveness among community-dwelling Thai adults aged ≥65 years, we estimated and compared the incidence of influenza and RSV in those with and without cardiopulmonary conditions. During May 2015-May 2017, older adults in a rural province in Thailand were followed weekly with year-round surveillance for acute respiratory illness (ARI), defined broadly as new onset or worsening of cough with or without fever, and hospitalized ARI. When ill, nasal self-swabs and/or nasopharyngeal swabs were collected for reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction testing. We used Poisson regression to calculate incidence rate ratios (IRR), adjusting for age, sex, past healthcare-seeking behavior, weekly influenza activity, and influenza vaccination. Results: Overall, 3,220 adults with a median age of 71 years (IQR 68-76) were enrolled; 1,324 (41.1%) were male; and 313 (9.7%) had ≥1 underlying cardio-pulmonary condition, most commonly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (131; 41.2%) or asthma (73; 23.3%). Compared to those without, participants with cardiopulmonary conditions had higher incidences of ARI, influenza, and RSV (Adjusted IRR: 1.83, 95% CI 1.63-2.05; 1.84, 95% CI 1.05-3.23; 2.02, 95% CI 1.10-3.72, respectively). Conclusion: Our findings show that older adults in rural Thailand with cardiopulmonary conditions have increased rates of ARI, influenza, and RSV infections, and support efforts to ensure this population has access to influenza vaccines and other respiratory illness prevention measures.
Introduction: Following the Covid-19 pandemic, the face-to-face meetings are delayed to a future date , which is still not clear. However, seminars, meetings, and conferences are necessary for updating our knowledge and skills. The web-based seminars (webinars) are the solutions to this issue. This study aimed to show the participant behavior when webinars present at the Covid-19 pandemic era. Methods: Between December 2017 – July 2020, 58 webinars were broadcasted via the Uropedia, electronic library of SUST. Data of all webinars were collected with the YouTube analytics and application of the Uropedia. Data of streaming webinars included participant behaviors such as content views, engagement time, total unique attendees, average engagement time, and the number of audience to leads. Data were split into two groups; group-1 is webinars before Covid-19 (before March 2020), group-2 is the webinars during Covid-19. Results: Total broadcast time and total page view number were found to be 112.6 hours (6761 min.) and 15919, respectively. The median participant age was 40.1 years. Median content view and median engagement time were found to be 261.0 min., and 12.2 min., respectively. Comparison of two groups revealed a significant increment in the content views (group 1;134.0 range=86.0-87.0 and group 2; 414.0 range=296.0-602.0, p<0.001) and the number of the unique attendees (group 1; 18.0 range=10.0-26.0 and group 2; 57.0 range=27.0-100.0, p<0.001) following Covid-19. However, the median engagement time of the audience did not seem to change with the Covid-19 pandemic (group 1; 11.5 range=10.0-13.3 min. and group 2; 13.2 range=9.4-18.1 min., p=0.12). Conclusion: The webinars are effective ways to share information and have many advantages, including low cost, reaching the high number of audiences. Audience number and page visits seemed to increase following the Covid-19 pandemic. However, The engagement time did not seem to affect a critical attitude of the audience
Background: Contrast computed tomography (CT) is a useful tool for the detection of intracardiac thrombi. We aimed to assess the accuracy of the late-phase prone-position contrast CT (late-pCT) for thrombus detection in patients with persistent or long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: Early and late-phase pCT were performed in 300 patients with persistent or long-standing AF. If late-pCT did not show an intracardiac contrast defect (CD), catheter ablation (CA) was performed. Immediately prior to CA, intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) from the left atrium was performed to confirm thrombus absence and the estimation of the blood velocity of the left atrial appendage (LAA). For patients with CDs on late-pCT, CA performance was delayed, and late-pCT was performed again after several months following oral anticoagulant alterations or dosage increases. Results: Of the 40 patients who exhibited CDs in the early phase of pCT, six showed persistent CDs on late-pCT. In the remaining 294 patients without CDs on late-pCT, the absence of a thrombus was confirmed by ICE during CA. In all six patients with CD-positivity on late-pCT, the CDs vanished under the same CT conditions after subsequent anticoagulation therapy, and CA was successfully performed. Furthermore, the presence of residual contrast medium in the LAA on late-pCT suggested a decreased blood velocity in the LAA (≤ 15 cm/s) (sensitivity = 0.900 and specificity = 0.621). Conclusions: Late-pCT is a valuable tool for the assessment of intracardiac thrombi and LAA dysfunction in patients with persistent or long-standing persistent AF before CA.
A patient with diagnosed MELAS (mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes) syndrome had developed psychological and behavioural disturbances at a later stage of his illness. Psychiatric care for this patient would not be possible without a multidisciplinary team approach involving multi-prong interventions from the different team members.
The lifetime reproductive success (LRS) of individuals is affected by random events such as death, realized growth, or realized reproduction, and the outcomes of these events can differ even when individuals have identical probabilities. Another source of randomness arises when these probabilities also change over time in variable environments. For structured populations in stochastic environments, we extend our recent method to determine how birth environment and birth stage determine the random distribution of the LRS. Our results provide a null model that quantifies effects on LRS of just the birth size or stage. Using Roe deer Capreolus capreolus as a case study, we show that the effect of an individual’s birth environment on LRS varies with the frequency of environments and their temporal autocorrelation, and that lifetime performance is affected by changes in the pattern of environmental states expected as a result of climate change.