Many current animal models of heart failure are hampered by intrinsic methodological complexities, while other models yield only a subtle cardiac phenotype even after prolonged in vivo treatments. A new “chemogenetic” animal model of heart failure recapitulates a critical characteristic shared by many disease states that lead to heart failure in humans: an increase in redox stress in the heart. This “chemogenetic” approach exploits a recombinant yeast enzyme that can be dynamically and specifically activated in vivo to generate the reactive oxygen species (ROS) hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in cardiac myocytes. Redox stress can be rapidly, selectively, and reversibly manipulated by chemogenetic generation of ROS in cardiac myocytes, yielding a new model of dilated cardiomyopathy. Treatment of animals with the angiotensin receptor blocker valsartan promotes recovery of ventricular function and resolution of adverse cardiac remodeling. This Mini-Review discusses in vivo chemogenetic approaches to manipulate and analyze oxidative stress in the heart.