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Improved Survival after Resection of Colorectal Liver Metastases in Patients with Combined Liver, but Unresectab Lung Metastasis
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  • Markus Albertsmeier,
  • Kathrin Riedl,
  • Anna-Janina Stephan,
  • Moritz Drefs,
  • Martin Angele,
  • Jens Werner,
  • Markus Guba
Markus Albertsmeier
Department of General-, Visceral-, and Transplant Surgery, Munich University Hospital, Campus Grosshadern
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Kathrin Riedl
Department of General-, Visceral-, and Transplant Surgery, Munich University Hospital, Campus Grosshadern
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Anna-Janina Stephan
Institute for Medical Information Processing, Biometry and Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit√§t M√ľnchen
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Moritz Drefs
Department of General-, Visceral-, and Transplant Surgery, Munich University Hospital, Campus Grosshadern
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Martin Angele
Department of General-, Visceral-, and Transplant Surgery, Munich University Hospital, Campus Grosshadern
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Jens Werner
Department of General-, Visceral-, and Transplant Surgery, Munich University Hospital, Campus Grosshadern
Markus Guba
Department of General-, Visceral-, and Transplant Surgery, Munich University Hospital, Campus Grosshadern
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Abstract

Modern systemic therapies considerably improve tumor control and thus open up the possibility of new surgical approaches in metastatic colorectal cancer. In this retrospective clinical cohort with a comparison group, we investigated whether liver resection in a combined liver-lung-metastasized stage is justified, even if the lung infestation is not resected.
From 283 patients who were treated in our institution between 01/2000 and 12/2014 for combined liver- and lung metastases, 35 patients had their pulmonary metastases left in situ while they were eligible for both treatment options: resection versus non-resection of resectable liver metastases. Effectively, 15 of these patients received whereas 20 did not receive a liver resection. In these patients, we compared overall survival and determined risk factors that are associated with poor survival, applying a Cox-Proportional Hazards model.
Patients whose liver metastases were resected showed significantly longer median survival compared to patients who did not undergo hepatic surgery (median 2.5 vs. 1.5. years, p = 0.0182). The Cox-Proportional Hazards model revealed hepatic metastasectomy to be the strongest determinant of patient survival (HR 5.27; CI: (1.89, 14.65)).
Our results suggest that surgical removal of liver metastases may be beneficial in selected patients even if concomitant lung metastases cannot be resected.