Presenting a Neuroid model of wind-up based on dynamic synapse: a more realistic approach
The treatment of chronic pain depends mainly on our understanding of the mechanisms such as central sensitization which is involved in it. Wind-up of spinal cord is one of the most important phenomena in the study of central sensitization which has received considerable attention in recent years. Wind-up is a form of short-term synaptic plasticity (STP) that can lead to central sensitivity. Although several models have been proposed for wind-up, none of them are based on the experimental evidence. In this study, we have introduced a new model based on the gate control theory of pain. Neuroids are used as neuron models in our network. Its parameters are captured from available experimental data. Adjusting the weights of the network is based on the short-term synaptic plasticity. The results of the time and frequency domain show that the model can well simulate wind-up behavior. This model can be used for analyzing, predicting and controlling chronic pain in the future.