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Melanie Le Berre

and 3 more

Objectives: Older adults living in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are particularly at risk during transitions in care, most notably from acute care back to their LCTF. Issues surrounding miscommunication of information or medications are often mentioned as important challenges. Transitional care interventions (TCi) have emerged as solutions to improve outcomes. The objective of this review was therefore to determine the effects of TCi on several indicators of quality of care, clinical outcomes, healthcare services use and satisfaction among older patients discharged from acute care to LTCFs. Methods: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane Central and Social Work Abstracts were searched. Study selection (title/abstract, full-text), data extraction and assessment of study quality were conducted by two independent reviewers. A narrative synthesis of the data was performed. Results: From the 5,506 references identified, 11 were included. Eight studies reported on quality of care: six on medication problems, and two on advance directives. Four studies reported on clinical outcomes: three on mortality, two on mobility/function and one on confusion/behavioral symptoms. Seven studies reported on healthcare services use: six on hospital readmissions/ED visits, and five on hospital days. Three studies reported on satisfaction with TCi. While satisfaction levels were high with TCi, other outcomes were inconclusive. Medications problems appeared to be the outcome most likely to benefit from TCi. Discussion: TCi targeting the acute to long-term care transition have obtained inconclusive results so far. More studies investigating the outcomes of quality of care, clinical outcomes, healthcare services use are needed.