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A novel mutation in the CTSC gene in Iranian family with Papillon-Lefevre Syndrome
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  • Mahmoud Ghanei,
  • Mohammad Abbaszadegan,
  • Mohamad Mahdi Forghanifard,
  • Azadeh A'rabi,
  • Hamid Reza Arab
Mahmoud Ghanei
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
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Mohammad Abbaszadegan
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
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Mohamad Mahdi Forghanifard
Islamic Azad University Damghan Branch
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Azadeh A'rabi
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
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Hamid Reza Arab
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
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Abstract

Background: PLS is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the palmar-plantar hyperkeratosis and severe degeneration of the periodontium. The defects in cathepsin C gene, are responsible for PLS. In this study, we analyzed the whole exomes of CTSC gene in a family with history of PLS. Methods: Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood and genotype analysis was performed. The mutated protein sequence was used to find the best possible tertiary structure for homology modeling. The homology modeling of the novel mutation was then performed using the online Swiss-Prot server. The results were also analyzed for to verify its validity. Results: The analysis of CTSC gene elucidated a novel insertion GAC. The novel mutation was proved by analyzing 50 healthy control volunteers. Modeling of the novel found mutation in CTSC gene revealed structural defects that may have caused the functional abnormalities. Discussion: The structural analysis of the mutated protein model identifies changes in the stereo-chemical and the energy level of the mutated protein. Since this protein play a role in the activation of granule serine proteases from cytotoxic T lymphocytes, natural killer cells, mast cells, such structural defects may lead to its malfunction causing dysfunctioning of immune defense mechanisms.