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A natural resources conservation conceptual model in forest areas
  • Mohammadreza Gharibreza,
  • Davood Nikkami,
  • Mohammad Zaman
Mohammadreza Gharibreza
Soil Conservation and Watershed Management Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
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Davood Nikkami
Soil Conservation and Watershed Management Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
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Mohammad Zaman
International Atomic Energy Agency
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Abstract

Evaluation of environmental acts of Iran highlights the gap that soil conservation and impacts of deforestation and guidelines for stockholders of forest areas have not been presented properly. Therefore, this research aimed to develop a conceptual model for stating the problems raised by deforestation, to present practical approaches, and to define conservation levels to achieve sustainable land uses. The model method is designated stepwise to estimate impacts of deforestation, to find road map of management practices in terms of thematic and spatial planning for forest watersheds. We emphasize on application of nuclear techniques to estimate on-site and off-site effects of deforestation. The model outcome is framework of management practices in which levels of conservation, protection and preservation will be implemented. Conservation as the lowest level authorizes stockholders to the wood harvest and specific land uses with regarding to environmental considerations. Framework emphasize on criteria by which all present and programmed land uses should be compatible with the forest watershed ecological capabilities. In protection level, this model guides locals and authorized companies to carry out restoration and revitalization practices as buffer zone of preservation level. The conceptual model presents the preservation level in forest watersheds to keep untouched bio heritages (flora and fauna) through the forest breathing and technical supports in terms of research and production of plants. The practical road map as main outcome of the conceptual model guides decision makers around the world to reach sustainable plan of conservation and land use in watershed scale with considering human demands.