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Integrating hybrid runoff generation mechanism into Variable Infiltration Capacity model to facilitate hydrological simulation
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  • Youjiang Shen,
  • Dedi Liu,
  • Jiabo Yin,
  • Lihua Xiong,
  • Pan Liu
Youjiang Shen
State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science
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Dedi Liu
State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science
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Jiabo Yin
Stat Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science
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Lihua Xiong
State Key Lab of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science
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Pan Liu
State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science
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Abstract

The runoff generating processes and water fluxes exchange are essential simulating the physical nonlinear rainfall-runoff relations in hydrological models. However, current runoff generation representation in hydrological models is constraint due to both vertical and horizontal heterogeneity of meteorological factors and underlying surface condition, hampering the streamflow simulation performances. To address this concern, by integrating a hybrid runoff generation mechanism in the upper layer and baseflow curve in the lower layer, this work develops a modified Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) hydrological model. With consideration of both vertical and horizontal heterogeneity runoff, the modified VIC model can simulate Horton and Dunne runoff through the hybrid mechanism and lateral runoff based on three soil-layer structure. The upper reach of Hanjiang River basin with substantial climate variations is selected as a case study to validate the performance of the modified model. Results show that the modified VIC model can produce a better performance of streamflow simulation in terms of Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency, at around 0.8 on average, especially for semi-humid and mountainous catchments. In addition, parameters related to the hybrid mechanism are sensitive to the hydrological performance, indicating that the improved performance should be attributed to the hybrid mechanism.