Background: The place of sport is indisputable for a healthy society. This study aimed to assess the health risks of athletes engaged in sports activities in various branches in the Youth Center operating. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data from 181 athletes were analyzed. A 20-item questionnaire including demographic information and sports history of the athletes was applied to the participants. Physical examinations were performed. Additionally, complete blood count, biochemistry, lipid profile, TSH, T4, and ECG examinations were requested from the participants. Results: In 25 (13.8%) of the participants, a pathology that could constitute a sport obstacle was detected. When the data examined concerning the presence of pathological status were compared, cardiac rate, HDL, LDL, calcium, ALT, diastolic blood pressure, the frequency of training per week, the presence of ventricular hypertrophy, t wave, and deviation in cardiac axis were statistically significant. Conclusion: The presence of conditions that may pose a risk to the health of athletes in people who are engaged in active sports suggests that some findings have been missed in the examinations for entry to sports. Family physicians should take a full anamnesis when evaluating people who want to do sports, carry out a detailed examination, and predicate their findings on laboratory findings.
ABSTRACT Purpose In our study, we aimed to evaluate the sleep disorders, sleep quality of the patients who applied to family health centers, to determine the situations that might be related with insomnia and to determine the insomnia rates of the general population in primary care. Methods This study is a descriptive research and conducted in Ankara Güdül, Antalya Değirmenözü, Bursa Sırameşeler, Gaziantep Family Health Center policlinics. The study population consisted of all patients over 18 years of age who were admitted to the family health centers for any reason. A 10-question questionnaire, Berlin questionnaire, Pittsburgh sleep quality index and insomnia severity scales were collected by the researchers from October to December 2017 using face-to-face interview method. Results 299 people participated in study and 54.5% of them were women. According to the results of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Scale, it was found that 27.1% of the participants’ sleep quality was good and 72.9% of them were poor; according to the Berlin sleep questionnaire, 27.4% had high OSAS risk and 72.2% had a low OSAS risk. According to total Insomnia Severity Index, 27.1% had insomnia lower threshold, 15.4% had moderate insomnia, 3.7% severe insomnia was detected. Conclusions In this context, it will be very effective in terms of the quality of life of patients in order to determine the conditions that disrupt sleep hygiene and to perform the necessary interventions which can be intervened in the primary health care institutions and the other patients to be delivered to the related upper levels.