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Weed management for the land-scape scale restoration of global temperate grasslands: a review.
  • +2
  • Talia Humphries,
  • Singarayer Florentine,
  • Kim Dowling,
  • Chris Turville,
  • Steve Sinclair
Talia Humphries
Federation University Australia
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Singarayer Florentine
Federation University Australia
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Kim Dowling
Federation University Australia
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Chris Turville
Federation University Australia
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Steve Sinclair
Victoria Department of Environment Land Water and Planning
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Peer review status:IN REVISION

27 Apr 2020Submitted to Land Degradation & Development
29 Apr 2020Assigned to Editor
29 Apr 2020Submission Checks Completed
01 May 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
08 Jun 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
22 Jun 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Minor

Abstract

Globally, temperate grasslands have been significantly altered and subsequently degraded as a result of increased human population, urbanisation, and agriculture. Weeds now dominate most of these ecosystems, resulting in the loss of ecosystem services, reduced carrying capacity for farmers, and loss of habitat for native animals. This paper reviews the literature of temperate grassland restoration efforts from across the globe, and observes what techniques and combinations have been used successfully and unsuccessfully to reduce weed dominance and promote native recruitment and establishment. The findings of this review clarify that weed management should be ongoing in all projects, while optimal revegetation methods and grazing regimes are specific to site location and study scope. There is a need for an increase in long-term monitoring of restoration projects in order to make assumptions with greater confidence.