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Non-pharmacological Interventions for Coping with COVID-19: A Rapid Systematic Review
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  • Áquila Ramos-Milaré,
  • Daniele Lera-Nonose,
  • Mariana Terron-Monich,
  • Thaís Santos,
  • Izabel Demarchi ,
  • Dennis Bertolini,
  • Maria Lonardoni,
  • Jorge Teixeira
Áquila Ramos-Milaré
Universidade Estadual de Maringa
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Daniele Lera-Nonose
Universidade Estadual de Maringa
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Mariana Terron-Monich
Universidade Estadual de Maringá
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Thaís Santos
Universidade Estadual de Maringá
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Izabel Demarchi
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
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Dennis Bertolini
Universidade Estadual de Maringa
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Maria Lonardoni
Universidade Estadual de Maringa
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Jorge Teixeira
Universidade Estadual de Maringa
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Abstract

Background: Non-pharmacological interventions (NPIs) remain central for the management of COVID-19 as there are no licensed vaccines or safe and effective antivirals to treat coronavirus yet. A rapid systematic review reported the main publications on NPIs to cope with the global COVID-19 outbreak. Methods: The research was conducted according to the PRISMA statement, from January 31 to March 31, 2020, in PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. Results: A total of 26 publications were included as comments, viewpoints, original articles, and studies on mathematical modeling. It was published by 251 researchers and four investigation groups from 23 countries. Conclusion: In summary, the publications pointed out that the social isolation, staying home, social distancing, quarantine, and contact tracing are essential and that NPIs could be combined to cope with the COVID-19 outbreak. It is recommended to value, intensify, and commend the efforts of countries that have implemented NPIs as extremely bold and robust measures to contain coronavirus disease.