The COVID-19 is an exponentially growing disease that has intentioned nations to use technologies to detect the coronavirus infection. Several nations are working greatly to fight against COVID-19. Many nations have been using a range of devices to combat the pandemic, seeking information about growth, monitoring as well as the leaking the confidential information of the residents. This research aims to assist infected people online using the Internet of Things (IoT) and Blockchain technologies through smart devices. IoT-based healthcare devices gather useful information, provide additional insight through symptoms and behaviors, allow remote monitoring, and simply give people better self - determination and healthcare. Blockchain allows the secure transfer of patient health information, regulates the medical distribution network. A four-layer architecture is proposed using IoT and Blockchain to detect and prevent individuals to be COVID 19. This research provides a framework for patients with COVID-19 infectious disease and recognizes health issues and diagnoses online. Smart devices such as smartphones can install any mobile apps such as Aarogya Setu, Tawakkalna, and so on. These applications can track COVID-19 patients properly. The installation of mobile apps on smart devices focuses to reduce the time and cost and increase the performance of the infectious patient's condition. A four-layer architecture is proposed using IoT and Blockchain technologies. Many research works focus on investigating, analyzing, and highlighting the affected individuals through guiding the COVID-19 infection. Eventually, various mobile apps are recognized and addressed in this paper.
Currently, the COVID‐19 has directly affected the millions of humans lives. The symptoms of the disease involving fever, malaise, chest infection, and breathing difficulties, were identified, and its existence is continuously becoming restructured. The World Health Organization (WHO) had mentioned the wide diagnostics test besides COVID-19 that would also assist medical facilities to recognize infectious diseases as well as currently focusing efficiently on preventing and afterward defeating this viral disease. The infection is usually transmitted among human beings in direct contact, greatest through the liquid bubbles generated through cough, sneeze, or speaking. This paper reviews the COVID 19 pandemic, its history, current updates, contact tracing applications, and use of emerging technologies like the Internet of Things (IoT) and Blockchain for stopping the spreading and provide service online to the patient from a distance.
Efficient and Secure Data Transmission Approachin Cloud-MANET-IoT Integrated FrameworkTanweer AlamFaculty of Computer and Information Systems, Islamic University of Madinah, Madinah, Saudi Arabiatanweer03@iu.edu.saHow to cite?Tanweer Alam. Efficient and Secure Data Transmission Approach in Cloud-MANET-IoT Integrated Framework. Journal of Telecommunication, Electronic and Computer Engineering. Vol 12(1). 2020.Abstract — The Internet of Things (IoT) devices have capabilities to interact and communicate in 5G heterogeneous networks. The IoT devices also have capabilities to form a network with neighborhood devices without a centralized approach. This network is called the mobile ad hoc network (MANET). Through an infrastructure-less system of the Internet of Things environment, the MANET enables IoT nodes to interact with one another. Those IoT nodes could interactively connect, communicate as well as share knowledge between several nodes. The role of cloud throughout this structure would be to store as well as interpret information through IoT nodes. The communication security has also been introduced to be one of the techniques in which trying to solve the data transmission security issue that could result in the performance increase in cloud consumption and ubiquity. Our purpose in this research would be to establish a communication system among IoT nodes in such an embedded Cloud and MANET structure. The main goal of this research is to create an efficient and secure approach for communication in Cloud-MANET-IoT integrated framework. This approach is implemented and tested.Index Terms —Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks (MANET); Cloud Computing; Wireless Communication; Internet of Things; Smart Devices.
Please cite this article. Tanweer Alam. "IoT-Fog: A Communication Framework using Blockchain in the Internet of Things.", International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE). Vol. 7(6), 2019. AbstractThe fog computing is the emerging technology to compute, store, control and connecting smart devices with each other using cloud computing. The Internet of Things (IoT) is an architecture of uniquely identified interrelated physical things, these physical things are able to communicate with each other and can transmit and receive information. This research presents a framework of the combination of the Internet of Things (IoT) and Fog computing. The blockchain is also the emerging technology that provides a hyper, distributed, public, authentic ledger to record the transactions. Blockchains technology is a secured technology that can be a boon for the next generation computing. The combination of fog, blockchains, and IoT creates a new opportunity in this area. In this research, the author presents a middleware framework based on the blockchain, fog, and IoT. The framework is implemented and tested. The results are found positive. Keywords: Internet of Things (IoT), Fog Computing, Cloud Computing, Blockchains, Communication Security.
Faculty of Computer and Information Systems, Islamic University of Madinah, Saudi Arabiatanweer03@iu.edu.saShamimul QamarComputer Engineering Department, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi ArabiaAmit DixitDepartment of ECE, Quantum School of Technology, Roorkee, IndiaMohamed BenaidaFaculty of Computer and Information Systems, Islamic University of Madinah, Saudi Arabia