Introduction: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have shown improved outcomes in patients undergoing first-line catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). Herein, outcomes were stratified based on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Methods: RCTs evaluating first-line ablation versus medical therapy in patients with VT and ICM were included. Risk estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were measured. Results: Four RCTs with a total of 505 patients (mean age 66 ± 9 years, 89% male, 80% with previous revascularization) were included. Mean LVEF was 35 ± 8%. At a mean follow-up of 24 ± 9 months, a significant benefit in survival-free from appropriate ICD therapies was observed in all patients undergoing first-line catheter ablation compared to medical management (RR 0.70, 95% CI 0.56-0.86). In patients with moderately depressed LVEF (>30-50%), first line VT ablation was associated with a statistically significant reduction in the composite endpoint of survival-free VT/VF and appropriate ICD therapies (HR: 0.52, 95% CI: 0.36-0.76), whereas there was no difference in patients with severely depressed LVEF (30-50%).
Introduction: Remote monitoring (RM) has profoundly transformed the standard of care for patients with cardiac electronic implantable devices. It provides easy access to valuable information about arrhythmic events, acute decompensation manifestations and device-related issues without the need of continuous in-person visits. Methods: Starting March 1st, 332 patients were introduced to a RM program during the Italian lockdown in order to limit the risk of in-hospital exposure to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2. Patients were categorized in two groups based on the modality of RM delivery [home (n=229) vs office (n= 103) delivered]. The study aimed at assessing the efficacy of the new follow-up protocol, reported as the mean RM Activation Time (AT) and the need for technical support for its activation. Patients’ acceptance and anxiety status was also quantified by means of the Home Monitoring Acceptance and Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale. Results: AT time was <48 hours in 93% of patients and 7% of them required further technical support. Despite a higher number of trans-telephonic technical support in home-delivered RM group, AT was comparable between groups (1.33±0.83 days in home-delivered vs 1.28±0.81 days in office-delivered patients; p=0.60). Twenty-eight (2.5%) urgent/emergent in-person examinations were planned. High degree of patient’s satisfaction was reached in both groups while anxiety status was higher in office-delivered group. Conclusions: RM was effective, safe and well tolerated by patients during the Italian lockdown. Our findings confirm the efficacy of this approach to reduce in-hospital visits, guaranteeing patients’ safety and quality of care.
The importance of venous structure in the heart is usually overshadowed by that of the arterial system. Coronary sinus is a part of cardiac venous apparatus and connects left atria to the right atria. Other than having role in physiological contractions of both atria, it contributes substantially to cardiac electrical conduction system. Due to unique placement and connections of the CS, it has become growing interest in clinical cardiology. It is used in cardiac resynchronization therapy with biventricular pacing, left-sided catheter ablation of arrhythmias and administration of retrograde cardioplegia in cardiac surgery. In some individuals, CS is presented with anatomical variants. CS diverticulum is a congenital outpouching that provides muscular connection between atria and ventricle. This connection provides a suitable substrate for occurrence of arrhythmias, which even results in life-threatening events such as sudden cardiac death. Early diagnosis leads to treatment with ablation techniques which ultimately eliminates origins of arrhythmias.