The article is concerned with the analytical solution to the integro-differential system of balance and kinetic equations that describe the crystal growth phenomenon in a binary system for various nucleation kinetics. The effect of impurity concentration on the evolutionary behavior of crystals is shown. The nonlinear dynamics of a supercooled binary melt is studied with allowance for the withdrawal mechanism of product crystals from a metastable liquid of the crystallizer.
In this paper, we study the vaporization process of a polydisperse ensemble of liquid drops on the basis of a nonlinear set of balance and kinetics equations for the particle-radius distribution function and temperature in the gaseous phase. We found an exact parametric solution to this problem using a modified time variable and the Laplace integral transform method. The distribution function of vaporizing drops as well as its moments, the temperature dynamics in gas, and the unvaporized mass of drops are found. The initial particle-radius distribution shifts to smaller particle radii with increasing the vaporization time. As this takes place, the temperature difference between the drops and gas decreases with time. It is shown that the heat of vaporization and initial total number of particles in the system substantially influence the dynamics of a polydisperse ensemble of liquid drops.
The paper deals with the analysis of stable thermo-solutal dendritic growth in the presence of intense convection. The n-fold symmetry of crystalline anisotropy as well as the two- and three-dimensional growth geometries are considered. The steady-state analytical solutions are found with allowance for the convective-type heat and mass exchange boundary conditions at the dendritic surface. A linear morphological stability analysis determining the marginal wavenumber is carried out. The new stability criterion is derived from the solvability theory and stability analysis. This selection criterion takes place in the regions of small undercooling. To describe a broader undercooling diapason, the obtained selection criterion, which describes the case of intense convection, is stitched together with the previously known selection criterion for the conductive-type boundary conditions. It is demonstrated that the stitched selection criterion well describes a broad diapason of experimental undercoolings.
In the present paper, we study the stochastically-induced behavior of a non-linear volcanic model containing three prognostic variables: the plug velocity $u$, the pressure under the plug, and the conduit volume $V$. The nouvelle phenomena of noise-induced transitions from the equilibrium to the cycle in the bistability parametric zone and noise-induced excitement with the generation of spike oscillations in the monostability zone are found in the presence of N-shaped friction force. To study these phenomena numerically, we used the computations of random solutions, the phase trajectories and time series, the statistics of interspike intervals, and the mean square variations. To study these phenomena analytically, we applied the stochastic sensitivity function technique and the confidence domains method. This approach is used to predict the noise-induced transition from a “dormant volcano” state to the “active volcano” mode. From the physical point of view, the volcano is capable to become active under the influence of external noises in the friction force, which model various compositions and properties of volcanic rocks. What is more, the volcanic plug can pop out when it is slipping heavily, and the volcano can erupt.