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Neutropenic enterocolitis disclosing an underlying cyclic neutropenia: case report
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  • Lahlimi Fatimaezzahra,
  • Khawla Khalil,
  • Soumia Lahiouni,
  • Iliass Tazi
Lahlimi Fatimaezzahra
Mohammed VI University Hospital Marrakech
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Khawla Khalil
Mohammed VI University Hospital Marrakech
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Soumia Lahiouni
Mohammed VI University Hospital Marrakech
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Iliass Tazi
Mohammed VI University Hospital Marrakech
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Abstract

Neutropenic enterocolitis is a syndrome characterized by fever and abdominal pain in a neutropenic patient. It is often reported in children treated for leukemia, rarely reported in patients with other diseases. Herein, we report the case of a 9-year-old patient with a medical history of recurrent fever and mouth ulcers since the age of 4, who presented with neutropenic enterocolitis complicated with intestinal perforation which all leaded to disclose cyclic neutropenia. The patient was successfully treated by aggressive supportive care combining to surgical intervention. Neutropenic enterocolitis with possible complications should be considered and promptly managed in every neutropenic patient and may reveal a rare cause of neutropenia as cyclic neutropenia