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Biomass and Pigment Production for Arthrospira platensis via Semi-Continuous Cultivation in Photobioreactors: Temperature Effects
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  • Ankush Karemore,
  • Yanhui Yuan,
  • William Porubsky,
  • Ronald Chance
Ankush Karemore
Georgia Institute of Technology
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Yanhui Yuan
Algenol Biofuels
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William Porubsky
Algenol Biotech
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Ronald Chance
Algenol Biotech
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Abstract

Abstract This study describes the response of Arthrospira platensis to a variety of temperature conditions as reflected in variations of photosynthetic parameters, pigmentation, and biomass productivity in indoor photobioreactor (PBR) cultivations. These experiments are designed to better understand the impact of temperature, seasonal variations, and acclimation effects on outdoor biomass production. The irradiance level and temperature range (20 – 39°C) are chosen to enable modeling of semi-continuous operation of large-scale outdoor PBR deployments. Overall, the cultivations were quite stable with some pigment-related instabilities after prolonged high temperature exposure. Changes in productivity with temperature, as reflected in measured photosynthetic parameters, are immediate and mainly attributable to the temperature dependence of the photosaturation parameter, a secondary factor being variation in pigment content on a longer time scale corresponding to turnover of the culture population. Though pigment changes have minimum impact on productivity, prolonged exposure at 35°C and above yields a clear degradation in performance. Productivities in a semi-continuous operation are quantitatively reproduced with a productivity model incorporating photosynthetic parameters measured herein. This study confirms the importance of temperature for biomass and pigment production in Arthrospira cultivations and provides a basis for risk assessments related to temperature mitigation for large-scale outdoor cultivations. Keywords: Arthrospira Platensis, photosynthetic parameters, pigment production, productivity modeling, photobioreactors

Peer review status:ACCEPTED

14 Apr 2020Submitted to Biotechnology and Bioengineering
14 Apr 2020Submission Checks Completed
14 Apr 2020Assigned to Editor
21 Apr 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
26 May 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
26 May 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Major
07 Jun 20201st Revision Received
08 Jun 2020Submission Checks Completed
08 Jun 2020Assigned to Editor
09 Jun 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
26 Jun 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
26 Jun 2020Editorial Decision: Accept