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Reference point and confirming points; two important guides in treatment of panfacial Fx.: 3 case reports
  • Mehrnoush Momeni Roochi,
  • Narges Hajiani,
  • Sayna Nezaminia
Mehrnoush Momeni Roochi
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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Narges Hajiani
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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Sayna Nezaminia
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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Abstract

We present 3 cases of Panfacial fractures through which we try to emphasize two important sequencing rules: “Reference point”(the most intact area to determine the starting point for fixation) and the “Confirming points” ( the points which should be checked out to confirm the exact position & orientation).