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Zoonotic parasites infecting free-living armadillos from Brazil.
  • +13
  • Danilo Kluyber,
  • Arnaud Desbiez,
  • Nina Attias,
  • Gabriel Massocato,
  • Solange Gennari,
  • Herbert Soares,
  • Eduardo Bagagli,
  • Sandra Bosco,
  • Hans Garces,
  • Jessica Ferreira,
  • Amanda Fontes ,
  • Philip Suffys ,
  • Luciana Meireles,
  • Expedito Luna,
  • Ana Jansen,
  • André Roque
Danilo Kluyber
Instituto de Conservação de Animais Silvestres - ICAS
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Arnaud Desbiez
ICAS – Instituto de Conservação de Animais Silvestres - Projeto Bandeiras e Rodovias, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, MS, Brasil
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Nina Attias
Instituto de Conservação de Animais Silvestres, ICAS
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Gabriel Massocato
Instituto de Conservação de Animais Silvestres, ICAS
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Solange Gennari
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Herbert Soares
USP
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Eduardo Bagagli
UNESP Campus de Botucatu
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Sandra Bosco
UNESP Campus de Botucatu
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Hans Garces
UNESP Campus de Botucatu
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Jessica Ferreira
FIOCRUZ
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Amanda Fontes
Institute Oswaldo Cruz
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Philip Suffys
Institute Oswaldo Cruz
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Luciana Meireles
Universidade de São Paulo Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
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Expedito Luna
Universidade de São Paulo Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo Biblioteca
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Ana Jansen
FIOCRUZ
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André Roque
FIOCRUZ
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Abstract

Abstract: Armadillos are specialist diggers and their burrows are used to find food, seek shelter and protect their pups. These burrows can also be shared with dozens of vertebrate and invertebrate species and; consequently, their parasites including the zoonotics. The aim of this study was to diagnose the presence of zoonotic parasites in four wild-caught armadillo species from two different Brazilian ecosystems, the Cerrado (Brazilian savanna) and the Pantanal (wetland). The investigated parasites and their correspondent diseases were: Toxoplasma gondii (toxoplasmosis), Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas disease), Leishmania spp., (leishmaniasis), Paracoccidioides spp. (Paracoccidioidomicosis) and Mycobacterium leprae (Hansen’s disease). Forty-three free-living armadillos from Pantanal and seven road-killed armadillos from the Cerrado were sampled. Trypanosoma cruzi DTU TcIII were isolated from 2 out of 43 (4.65%) armadillos, including one of them also infected with Trypanosoma rangeli. Antibodies anti-T. gondii were detected in 13 out of 43 (30.2%) armadillos. All seven armadillos from Cerrado tested positive for Paracoccidioides brasiliensis DNA, in the lungs, spleen, liver and ear fragments. Also, by molecular analysis, all 43 individuals were negative for M. leprae and Leishmania spp. Armadillos were infected by T. cruzi, T. rangeli, P. brasiliensis, and presented seric antibodies to T. gondii, highlighting the importance of those armadillos could have in the epidemiology of zoonotic parasites. Key words: Cingulata, Trypanosoma cruzi, Toxoplasma gondii, Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, Mycobacterium leprae, Leishmania sp.

Peer review status:ACCEPTED

10 Jul 2020Submitted to Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
14 Jul 2020Submission Checks Completed
14 Jul 2020Assigned to Editor
14 Jul 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
05 Aug 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
06 Aug 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
21 Aug 20201st Revision Received
21 Aug 2020Submission Checks Completed
21 Aug 2020Assigned to Editor
21 Aug 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
10 Sep 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
10 Sep 2020Editorial Decision: Accept