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Exploring Readiness for Implementing Best Practices: A Mixed Methods Study
  • Daisy Garcia,
  • Katherine Camacho-Carr,
  • Weichao Yuwen
Daisy Garcia
Seattle University
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Katherine Camacho-Carr
Seattle University
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Weichao Yuwen
University of Washington
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Abstract

Rationale. Evidence-based practice (EBP) can improve health care in underprivileged countries. Bolivia’s EBP movement is nascent and the factors contributing to better implementation in nursing are unknown. Aim. To explore Bolivian nurses’ readiness to engage in EBP while highlighting the facilitators and barriers for pursuing EBP. Method. International collaborators used a sequential explanatory mixed methods study. First, general trends were disclosed via a survey of 170 nurses in La Paz, Bolivia, holding at least a baccalaureate regarding their perceived beliefs about EBP. The survey identified facilitators and barriers for implementing EBP in acute and ambulatory settings. Second, qualitative data was gathered via a focus group of nine nurses with the purpose of enhancing the survey findings. Results. The survey results showed that nurses believe that engaging in EBP can improve their clinical practice. However, the nurses’ research behaviors were found to be infrequent. Lack of support from the nurses’ clinics and hospitals and from non-nursing professionals were identified as barriers for engaging in EBP. The qualitative results revealed underlying limitations to nurses’ clinical practice, including “feeling undervalued.” Conclusions. There is a dearth of EBP knowledge among Bolivian nurses stemming from a lack of preparation in EBP environments, including EBP training opportunities. This situation affects nurses’ professional dimensions of relational work, power, and collaboration. Collaborative research among educators, professional nursing societies, and local and international organizations could provide initiatives for implementing EBP, based on local health profiles. Key words: international collaboration, evidence-based practice, nurse-multidisciplinary relationship, barriers to EBP.

Peer review status:IN REVISION

27 Jul 2020Submitted to Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
28 Jul 2020Assigned to Editor
28 Jul 2020Submission Checks Completed
02 Aug 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
06 Sep 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
07 Sep 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Major