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Impact of “natural” cesarean delivery on peripartum blood loss: A randomized controlled trial
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  • Noah Zafran,
  • Gali Garmi,
  • Suzan Abdelgani,
  • Shiri Inbar,
  • Shabtai Romano,
  • Raed Salim
Noah Zafran
Emek Medical Center
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Gali Garmi
Haemek Center
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Suzan Abdelgani
Emek Medical Center
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Shiri Inbar
Emek Medical Center
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Shabtai Romano
Emek Medical Center
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Raed Salim
Emek Medical Center
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Abstract

Objective: To examine the impact of “natural” cesarean deliveries (NCD) on peripartum maternal blood loss. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Single academic hospital in Afula, Israel, between August 2016 and February 2019. Population or Sample: Term singleton gestations scheduled for a planned CD under spinal anesthesia. Methods: Women were randomized at a ratio of 1:1 to NCD (study group) or traditional CD (control group). Women in the study group watched fetal extraction, had early skin to skin contact, and breastfed until the end of surgery. Neonates in the control group were presented to the mother without direct contact. Blood samples were drawn from all women to determine oxytocin levels using an ELISA kit. Main Outcome Measures: Postpartum hemoglobin (Hb) levels. Results: 214 women randomized, 23 were excluded. There were no significant differences in demographic and obstetric variables between the groups. Postpartum Hb levels were 10.1±1.1 and 10.3±1.3 g/dL in the study and control groups, respectively (P = .19). There were no significant differences in estimated blood loss, and rates of PPH and blood transfusion. Maternal pain scores, satisfaction, and exclusive breastfeeding rate at discharge, were similar. Maternal oxytocin blood levels were 389.5±183.7 and 408.5±233.6 pg/mL in the study and control groups, respectively (P = .96). Rate of composite neonatal morbidity that comprised neonatal hypothermia, hypoglycemia, jaundice, and neonatal intensive care unit admission was higher in the study group. Conclusions: NCD does not affect maternal blood loss. Maternal oxytocin blood levels in NCD and traditional CD are similar.