Factors Influencing Diaper Dermatitis Among Jordanian Children Younger
Than 24 Months
Background: Diaper dermatitis (DD) is a highly common condition among
neonates, infants, and toddlers. The current study aims to explore the
factors influencing DD among children aged between 0-24 months in
Jordan. Methods: This study utilized a descriptive cross-sectional
design with a convenient sample of 140 children diagnosed with DD.
Structured face-to face interviews were used to collect data from the
parents of the children included in the study. Univariate and
multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to test the
association between diaper dermatitis and its related medical factors.
Results: The prevalence of DD was found to be 98.6% among the
participants. The median of the duration of the most recent DD episode
in days was 3 days (Inter Quartile Range= 2 to 4 days). The factors
influencing DD were the use of barrier cream (OR=.35, 95% CI = .18-.72,
p=.004), and bathing frequency of ≤ 1 time per week (OR=1.15, 95% CI =
.65-2.10, p=.002). Conclusion: The identified factors should be paid
significant attention in order to reduce the prevalence of DD among
children aged 24 months or under. Prevention-focused programs which
encourage the frequent application of appropriate barrier creams and
frequent bathing of more than once a week are needed.