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Public Knowledge of Chronic Kidney Disease in a Resource-Limited Setting: A Cross-Sectional Study.
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  • Abdella Birhan YABEYU,
  • Kaleab Haile,
  • Yared Belay,
  • Henok Tegegn
Abdella Birhan YABEYU
Addis Ababa University College of Health Sciences
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Kaleab Haile
University of Gondar College of Medicine and Health Sciences
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Yared Belay
Mekelle University College of Health Sciences
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Henok Tegegn
University of Gondar
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Abstract

Aim: Awareness of chronic kidney disease (CKD) includes general knowledge of CKD and its risk factors. The current study aimed at assessing the public knowledge of CKD by using a validated tool. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted. The target population of this study was lay public, and health professionals were excluded from the study. Proportional numbers of study participants were included from each sub-city based on their total population size. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 21. Frequencies, table’s percentage, mean and standard deviation were used to describe participants’ responses: Independent T-test and one way ANOVA statics was used to identify factors associated with public knowledge of CKD. Results: A total of 350 individuals were approached, 301 of whom completed and returned the questionnaire, giving a response rate of 86%. In this study, the mean (S.D.) knowledge score of participants was 11.12 (±4.21), with a minimum of 0 and a maximum of 22. Concerning the distribution of the CKD knowledge score, half of the respondents score 11 and less. One way ANOVA revealed that educational level had a significant effect on knowledge of CKD. Respondents who had an educational background of degree had relatively higher knowledge scores than the other category participants (P-value= 0.015). An independent t-test was also performed but failed to reveal any association between socio-demographic characteristics and knowledge score. Conclusions: The general knowledge level of the Ethiopian population about CKD and its risk factors is low. Currently, non-communicable disease such as diabetes and hypertension becomes public health concern and are one of the significant risk factors for CKD. As the study indicated, even these groups of populations were not adequately informed regarding their increased risk of developing CKD. Keywords: chronic kidney disease, public knowledge, Ethiopia

Peer review status:UNDER REVIEW

03 Dec 2020Submitted to International Journal of Clinical Practice
05 Dec 2020Assigned to Editor
05 Dec 2020Submission Checks Completed
03 Jan 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned