Cotton is one of the most important raw materials for textile and
clothing production. Compared with some synthetic polymer fibers, the
main drawback of cotton fibers is its poor mechanical properties and its
high flammability, and therefore it cannot be used for special textiles.
Cotton fabrics treated with modern flame-retardant and reinforcement
finishes often cannot meet rigid military specifications.
polypyrrole-Magnesium oxide (ppy-MgO) and polypyrrole-Magnesium
oxide-Carbon nanotube (ppy-MgO-CNT) composites were prepared with
various weight ratios by in-situ chemical polymerization method. 1, 2,
3, 4-butane tetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) was used as cross-linking agent
in presence of sodium hypophosphite (SHP). The composite sol was coated
on cotton fabric using pad-dry-cure technique. The coated cotton fabrics
were characterized by SEM, EDAX, XRD, UV-DRS and FT-IR analysis and
tested for flame retardant and UPF application. It was found that
ppy-MgO-CNT composite was found to be efficient.