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Maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index and fetal acidosis in vaginal deliveries and cesarean deliveries: The Japan Environment and Children’s Study
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  • Tsuyoshi Murata,
  • Hyo Kyozuka,
  • Akiko Yamaguchi,
  • Toma Fukuda,
  • Shun Yasuda,
  • Akiko Sato,
  • Yuka Ogata,
  • Masahito Kuse,
  • Mitsuaki Hosoya,
  • Seiji Yasumura,
  • Koichi Hashimoto,
  • Hidekazu Nishigori,
  • Keiya Fujimori
Tsuyoshi Murata
Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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Hyo Kyozuka
Fukushima Medical University
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Akiko Yamaguchi
Fukushima Medical University
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Toma Fukuda
Fukushima Medical University
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Shun Yasuda
Fukushima Medical University
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Akiko Sato
Fukushima Medical University
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Yuka Ogata
Fukushima Medical University
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Masahito Kuse
Fukushima Medical University
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Mitsuaki Hosoya
Fukushima Medical University
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Seiji Yasumura
Fukushima Medical University
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Koichi Hashimoto
Fukushima Medical University
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Hidekazu Nishigori
Fukushima Medical University
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Keiya Fujimori
Fukushima Medical University
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Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the association between maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index and fetal acidosis while accounting for the mode of delivery. Design: Prospective cohort study Setting: Japan Population: Participants from the Japan Environment and Children’s Study with singleton pregnancies after 22 weeks of gestation who gave birth during 2011–2014 Methods: Participants were categorized into five groups according to pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2): G1 (BMI<18.5), G2 (18.5 to <20.0), G3 (20.0 to <23.0), G4 (23.0 to <25.0), and G5 (≥25.0). Multiple logistic regression analysis evaluated the effect of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI on fetal acidosis while accounting for the mode of delivery. Main outcome measures: Fetal acidosis was defined as umbilical artery pH (UmA-pH) <7.2 or <7.1. Results: We analyzed 71,799 participants. Adjusted odds ratios (aORs) of UmA-pH <7.2 using G3 as the reference group were 1.17 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06–1.30) in G5 and 0.89 (95% CI, 0.82–0.97) in G2. After stratification, aORs of UmA-pH <7.2 were 1.12 (95% CI, 1.08–1.35) in G5 and 0.90 (95% CI, 0.83–0.98) in G2, and the aOR of UmA-pH <7.1 was 0.80 (95% CI, 0.65–0.98) in G2 using G3 as the reference group for vaginal delivery. No association existed between pre-pregnancy BMI and fetal acidosis for delivery via cesarean section. Conclusions: In Japanese women, pre-pregnancy BMI ≥25.0 kg/m2 significantly increased the likelihood of fetal acidosis in newborns delivered vaginally.