Objective: We aimed to investigate the effects of tobacco in the diseases that may require surgical treatment and thus contribute to the prevention of the development and treatment of lung diseases Background: Tobacco can make respiratory diseases more complicated by affecting their respiratory functions in a short or long time and can increase mortality and morbidity related to these diseases. Method: We retrospectively analyzed 754 patients aged 18 - 95. Patients included in the study were divided into two groups as tobacco users and non-users. We examined patients in each group in terms of age, gender, diagnosis of the disease, complications developing during and after treatment, and length of hospital stay. Results: The patients consisted of 536 (71.1%) males and 218 (28.9%) females. The average age of patients was 46.91 ± 22.07 (Min: 18 Max: 95). 56.1% of all patients and 73.3% of male patients used tobacco, and tobacco use was more common among men (X2 = 223.216, p < 0.001). Tobacco use was significantly higher in patients under 35 years of age (X2 = 45.342, p < 0.001). The average length of hospital stay was 9.41 ± 7.26 days for tobacco users and 8.15 ± 6.47 days for non-tobacco users (Mann-Whitney U test = 61949.0, p<0.007). Complications occurred in 96 of 754 patients, included in the study 76 (79.2%) of whom used tobacco, and 20 (20.8%) did not use tobacco (X2 = 23.765, p<0.001). Spontaneous pneumothorax and lung cancer have been observed significantly more in tobacco users (respectively X2 = 96.196, p < 0.001; X2 = 4.735, p = 0.030). Conclusion: We recommend supporting tobacco control programs to prevent the effect of tobacco use on pulmonary surgical diseases, and the development of pulmonary complications. Keywords: tobacco use, postoperative pulmonary complication, thoracic surgery, smoking, surgical diseases
Background: The place of sport is indisputable for a healthy society. This study aimed to assess the health risks of athletes engaged in sports activities in various branches in the Youth Center operating. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data from 181 athletes were analyzed. A 20-item questionnaire including demographic information and sports history of the athletes was applied to the participants. Physical examinations were performed. Additionally, complete blood count, biochemistry, lipid profile, TSH, T4, and ECG examinations were requested from the participants. Results: In 25 (13.8%) of the participants, a pathology that could constitute a sport obstacle was detected. When the data examined concerning the presence of pathological status were compared, cardiac rate, HDL, LDL, calcium, ALT, diastolic blood pressure, the frequency of training per week, the presence of ventricular hypertrophy, t wave, and deviation in cardiac axis were statistically significant. Conclusion: The presence of conditions that may pose a risk to the health of athletes in people who are engaged in active sports suggests that some findings have been missed in the examinations for entry to sports. Family physicians should take a full anamnesis when evaluating people who want to do sports, carry out a detailed examination, and predicate their findings on laboratory findings.