Background: The place of sport is indisputable for a healthy society. This study aimed to assess the health risks of athletes engaged in sports activities in various branches in the Youth Center operating. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data from 181 athletes were analyzed. A 20-item questionnaire including demographic information and sports history of the athletes was applied to the participants. Physical examinations were performed. Additionally, complete blood count, biochemistry, lipid profile, TSH, T4, and ECG examinations were requested from the participants. Results: In 25 (13.8%) of the participants, a pathology that could constitute a sport obstacle was detected. When the data examined concerning the presence of pathological status were compared, cardiac rate, HDL, LDL, calcium, ALT, diastolic blood pressure, the frequency of training per week, the presence of ventricular hypertrophy, t wave, and deviation in cardiac axis were statistically significant. Conclusion: The presence of conditions that may pose a risk to the health of athletes in people who are engaged in active sports suggests that some findings have been missed in the examinations for entry to sports. Family physicians should take a full anamnesis when evaluating people who want to do sports, carry out a detailed examination, and predicate their findings on laboratory findings.