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The relationship  between self-esteem and self-forgiveness: Understanding the mediating role of  positive and negative self-compassion            
  • +6
  • Ruchi Pandey,
  • Gyanesh Kumar Tiwari,
  • Rakesh Pandey,
  • Satchit Prasun Mandal ,
  • Sujata Mudgal,
  • Priyanka Parihar,
  • Pramod Kumar Rai,
  • Ari Sudan Tiwari,
  • Meenakshi Shukla
Ruchi Pandey
Department of Psychology, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Doctor Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar, 470003, Madhya Pradesh, India
Gyanesh Kumar Tiwari
Department of Psychology, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Doctor Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar, 470003, Madhya Pradesh, India
Author Profile
Rakesh Pandey
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, 221005, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
Satchit Prasun Mandal
4 Air Force Selection Board, Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
Sujata Mudgal
School of Humanities and Social Sciences, G. D. Goenka University, Sohna, Gurgaon, 122001, Haryana, India
Priyanka Parihar
Department of Psychology, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Doctor Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar, 470003, Madhya Pradesh, India
Pramod Kumar Rai
Department of Psychology, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Doctor Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar, 470003, Madhya Pradesh, India
Ari Sudan Tiwari
Defence Institute of Psychological Research, Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), 110054, New Delhi, India
Meenakshi Shukla
Department of Psychology, Magadh University, Bodh Gaya, 824234, Bihar, India

Abstract

Self-esteem and self-compassion represent well-known positive self-resources with significant implications for life outcomes of people belonging to individualistic and collectivistic cultures, respectively. Both the constructs have been suggested to shape the nature and extent of self-forgiveness through dissimilar mechanisms. The study examined the mediating role of positive and negative self-compassion between the relationship between self-esteem and self-forgiveness. Employing a convenient sampling, 144 male (M = 22.10, SD = 1.66) and 124 female participants (M = 21.98, SD = 1.90) were chosen for a correlational research design. The findings showed that Self-Esteem and Positive Self-Compassion had significant positive correlations with Self-Forgiveness. Conversely, Negative Self-Compassion exhibited negative correlations with these measures. Self-esteem and Positive Self-Compassion accounted for significant positive variance in Realization & Reparation and Overall Self-Forgiveness and significant negative variability in Attribution. Negative Self-Compassion accounted for positive significant variance in Guilt and negative significant variability in Realization & Reparation and Attribution. Both Positive and Negative Self-Compassion significantly mediated the relationships among Self-Esteem and Realization & Reparation, Guilt and Attribution. It evinced coexistence and working of self-esteem and self-compassion in a collectivistic culture with more pronounced effects of the later. Re-conceptualization of self-compassion is recommended.
Keywords                                        
self-esteem; positive and negative self-compassion; self-forgiveness; mediation analysis; path analysis.