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Artificial Intelligence Methods For a Bayesian Epistemology-Powered Evidence Evaluation
  • William Peden,
  • Francesco de Pretis,
  • Jürgen Landes
William Peden
Polytechnic University of Marche School of Medicine and Surgery
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Francesco de Pretis
Polytechnic University of Marche
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Jürgen Landes
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen
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Abstract

Rationale, aims and objectives: The diversity of safety signals (e.g., case reports, animal studies and observational studies) makes the assessment of the (un-)safety of a drug a formidable challenge. While frequentist viewpoints to uncertain inference struggle in aggregating these signals, the more flexible Bayesian approaches seem better suited for this quest. Artificial Intelligence (AI) offers great promise to these approaches for information retrieval, decision support and leaning probabilities from data. E-Synthesis is a Bayesian framework for drug safety assessments build on philosophical principles and considerations. It aims to aggregate all the available information, in order to provide a Bayesian probability of a drug causing an adverse reaction. We delineate and assess ways in which AI can support E-Synthesis. Results: We find that AI can help with information retrieval, usability (graphical decision making aids), learning Bayes factors from historical data, assessing quality of information and determining conditional probabilities for the so-called “indicators” of causation for E-Synthesis. Conclusions: Properly applied, AI can help the transition of philosophical principles and considerations concerning evidence aggregation for drug safety to a tool that can be used in practise.

Peer review status:ACCEPTED

15 May 2020Submitted to Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
19 May 2020Submission Checks Completed
19 May 2020Assigned to Editor
19 May 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
28 Oct 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
11 Nov 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
28 Nov 20201st Revision Received
01 Dec 2020Assigned to Editor
01 Dec 2020Submission Checks Completed
01 Dec 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
02 Dec 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
08 Dec 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
09 Dec 20202nd Revision Received
10 Dec 2020Submission Checks Completed
10 Dec 2020Assigned to Editor
13 Dec 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
14 Dec 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
01 Jan 2021Editorial Decision: Accept