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Antioxidant Activity of Green Tea Extract on Canola Oil Oxidation Stability: Comparison of Free and Liposomal extract
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  • Shima Jahanfar,
  • Mehrdad Ghavami,
  • Kianoush Khosravi-darani,
  • Mahshid Jahadi
Shima Jahanfar
Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch
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Mehrdad Ghavami
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Kianoush Khosravi-darani
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Mahshid Jahadi
Islamic Azad University Khorasgan Branch
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Abstract

In the present study, green tea extract was encapsulated in liposomes prepared by Mozafari method (without any organic solvents) and characterized for its physicochemical properties e.g. encapsulation efficiency, particle size and z- potential. The obtained results for encapsulation efficiency, particles size and z- potential were 51.34, 419 nm and -57 mV, respectively. Total polyphenol content of green tea was obtained 164.2 mg gallic acid /g extract. Free radical scavenging activities of free and liposomal extract, with using DPPH method were measured 90.6% and 93.37% respectively. Antioxidant activity of ethanolic extract of green tea in free and liposomal form were measured at concentration of 200, 600 and 1000 mg/L on the oxidative stability of canola oil during 60°C temperature for 0, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28 and 32 days. The results compared with synthetic antioxidant butylated hydroxytoluene at 200 mg/L. To evaluate antioxidant activity on canola oil stability, peroxide value, Thiobarbitoric acid, anisidine value, TOTOX and rancimat test measured. Results showed that liposomal green tea extract acted more effective than free extracts. Also, 600 mg/L concentration of green tea extract showed significant antioxidant activity in compare to others. The increasing storage time and different concentrations of ethanolic green tea extracts had significant effects on canola oil stability (P≤0.05). The obtained results showed green tea extract could act as an effective antioxidant. Green tea extract in free and liposomal form at 600 mg/L concentration resulted stronger function than butylated hydroxytoluene synthetic antioxidant.

Peer review status:IN REVISION

20 May 2020Submitted to Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
20 May 2020Submission Checks Completed
20 May 2020Assigned to Editor
28 May 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
22 Jun 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
06 Jul 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Major
15 Jul 20201st Revision Received
15 Jul 2020Assigned to Editor
15 Jul 2020Submission Checks Completed
15 Jul 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
28 Jul 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
14 Aug 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Major
23 Aug 20202nd Revision Received
24 Aug 2020Submission Checks Completed
24 Aug 2020Assigned to Editor
27 Aug 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
28 Aug 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
05 Sep 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
07 Sep 20203rd Revision Received
08 Sep 2020Assigned to Editor
08 Sep 2020Submission Checks Completed
10 Sep 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
20 Sep 2020Editorial Decision: Revise Minor
21 Sep 20204th Revision Received
21 Sep 2020Submission Checks Completed
21 Sep 2020Assigned to Editor