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Learning and Animal Movement
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  • Mark Lewis,
  • William Fagan,
  • Marie Auger-Methe,
  • Jacqueline Frair,
  • John Fryxell,
  • Claudius Gros,
  • Eliezer Gurarie,
  • Susan Healy,
  • Jerod Merkle
Mark Lewis
University of Alberta
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William Fagan
University of Maryland
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Marie Auger-Methe
University of British Columbia
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Jacqueline Frair
SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry
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John Fryxell
University of Guelph
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Claudius Gros
Goethe-Universitat Frankfurt am Main
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Eliezer Gurarie
University of Maryland
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Susan Healy
University of Edinburgh
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Jerod Merkle
Université Laval
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Abstract

Integrating diverse concepts from animal behavior, movement ecology, and machine learning, we develop an overview of the ecology of learning and animal movement. Learning-based movement is clearly relevant to ecological problems, but the subject is rooted firmly in psychology, including a distinct terminology. We contrast this psychological origin of learning with the task-oriented perspective on learning that has emerged from the field of artificial intelligence. We review conceptual frameworks that characterize the role of learning in movement, discuss emerging trends, and summarize recent developments in the analysis of movement data. We also discuss the relative advantages of different modeling approaches for exploring the learning-movement interface, including techniques gleaned from the psychological and machine learning fields. We explore in depth how individual and social modalities of learning can matter to the ecology of animal movement, and highlight how diverse kinds of field studies, ranging from translocation efforts to manipulative experiments, can provide critical insight into the learning process in animal movement.