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Effect of freeze-thaw and the root system on soil detachment capacity of different soils
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  • Jianye Ma,
  • Zhanbin Li,
  • Baoyang Sun,
  • Letao Zhang
Jianye Ma
Northwest A&F University
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Zhanbin Li
Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University
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Baoyang Sun
Changjiang River Scientific Research Institute
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Letao Zhang
Henan University
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Abstract

Soil detachment is one of the most important processes of soil erosion, as it is of great significance for the prevention and treatment of soil erosion in areas subject to seasonal freeze-thaw. However, most previous studies on the effect of freeze-thaw on soil detachment capacity (SDC) of bare soil, little research on SDC under the effect of freeze-thaw and the root system. This study investigated the effects of freeze-thaw and the root system on soil detachment capacity through hydraulic flume experiments to simulate the soil detachment process of two soil types, sand soil and loessal soil, under four treatments, control, freeze-thaw, root system and freeze-thaw + root system. And a prediction model was developed to calculate SDC under the effect of freeze-thaw and the root system. The results illustrated that the SDC of sand soil was higher than that of loessal soil. The SDC of two soils was reduced and increased by the root system and freeze-thaw, respectively, although the former effect was significant (P < 0.05) whereas the latter was not. The effect of freeze-thaw in combination with the root system showed that the root system contributed the majority of SDC variability (99.95%); therefore, inhibition of SDC by the root system played a leading role. When comparing shear stress, unit energy of the water carrying section and unit stream power, stream power was found to be the hydraulic parameter that best predicted SDC (R2¬ > 0.84). The inclusion of root weight significantly improve the accuracy of the SDC prediction model developed by hydraulic parameters. A general model based on stream power and root weight was developed to quantify SDC and was shown to have a high SDC prediction accuracy for both soils treated by freeze-thaw and the root system [NSE = 0.88,R2 = 0.90].