The Perception of Jordanian Population Towards Concomitant
Administration of Food, Beverages and Herbs with Drugs and Their
Possible Interactions: A Cross Sectional Study
Background Many people are used to administering their drugs with food,
beverages, or herbs, which may contain chemicals that interfere with the
prescribed drugs that could potentially lead to changes in their
efficacy or safety and alteration in their pharmacokinetic properties.
Objective To assess the extent of perception and use of food, beverages
and herbs alongside with conventional drugs and their potential
interactions among Jordanian society. Methods This descriptive
cross-sectional survey was conducted in Jordan (20 April - 5 May 2020).
The survey was developed using Google forms, validated and distributed
via social media platforms. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package
for Social Sciences-24. Main outcome measure Use and perception of food,
beverages, herbs and their drug interactions among Jordanians. Results
Of all participants (n = 789), 77.8% were females, 46.2% were
50-year-old, 69.7% were married, 70.8% were medically insured, and
51.1% had a bachelor’s degrees. Seventy percent of the study
participants reported use of medicinal plants. About 66% of
participants agreed that medicinal plants or herbs could treat diseases
and 58.6% thought that medications could interact with drugs. In
general, the participants’ knowledge about food/beverage/herb-drug
interactions was considered poor. However, linear regression analysis
illustrated that the level of knowledge was significantly affected
(p-value <0.05) by gender, marital status, social status, the
educational level, and employment sector. Conclusion Jordanians have a
positive perception towards herbs and their ability to treat diseases.
However, their knowledge about food/beverage-drug interactions was poor.
This call needs to enhance the community awareness on