loading page

Crystallographic and Modeling Study of the Human PPA1 (Inorganic Pyrophosphatase 1): a Potential Anti-cancer Drug Target
  • +3
  • Haiying Niu,
  • Jiang Zhu,
  • Quanxin Qu,
  • Xia Zhou,
  • Xiaolan Huang,
  • Zhihua Du
Haiying Niu
Tianjin First Central Hospital
Author Profile
Jiang Zhu
Southern Illinois University Carbondale
Author Profile
Quanxin Qu
Tianjin First Central Hospital
Author Profile
Xia Zhou
Southern Illinois University Carbondale
Author Profile
Xiaolan Huang
Southern Illinois University Carbondale
Author Profile
Zhihua Du
Southern Illinois University Carbondale
Author Profile

Abstract

Inorganic pyrophosphatases (PPases) catalyze the hydrolysis of pyrophosphate to phosphates. PPases play essential roles in growth and development, and are found in all kingdoms of life. Human possess two PPases, PPA1 and PPA2. PPA1 is present in all tissues, acting largely as a housekeeping enzyme. Besides pyrophosphate hydrolysis, PPA1 can also directly dephosphorylate phosphorylated JNK1. Upregulated expression of PPA1 has been linked to many human malignant tumors. PPA1 knockdown induces apoptosis and decreases proliferation. PPA1 is emerging as a potential prognostic biomarker and target for anti-cancer drug development. In spite of the biological and physiopathological importance of PPA1, there is no detailed study on the structure and catalytic mechanisms of mammalian origin PPases. Here we report the crystal structure of human PPA1 at a resolution of 2.4 Å. We also carried out modeling studies of PPA1 in complex with JNK1 derived phosphor-peptides. The monomeric protein fold of PPA1 is similar to those found in other family I PPases. PPA1 forms a dimeric structure that should be conserved in animal and fungal PPases. Analysis of the PPA1 structure and comparison with available structures of PPases from lower organisms suggest that PPA1 has a largely pre-organized and relatively rigid active site for pyrophosphate hydrolysis. Results from the modeling study indicate the active site of PPA1 has the potential to accommodate double-phosphorylated peptides derived from JNK1. In short, results from the study provides new insights into the mechanisms of human PPA1 and basis for structure-based anti-cancer drug developments using PPA1 as the target.

Peer review status:UNDER REVIEW

11 Aug 2020Submitted to PROTEINS: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics
12 Aug 2020Assigned to Editor
12 Aug 2020Submission Checks Completed
28 Aug 2020Reviewer(s) Assigned
14 Sep 2020Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending