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Deformation and Failure Characteristics of Sandstone Subjected to True-Triaxial Unloading: An Experimental and Numerical Study
  • +3
  • Fan Xiao,
  • De-Yi Jiang,
  • Fei Wu,
  • Jie Chen,
  • Jian-Zhi Zhang,
  • Wei Liu
Fan Xiao
Chongqing University
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De-Yi Jiang
Chongqing University
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Fei Wu
Chongqing University
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Jie Chen
Chongqing University
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Jian-Zhi Zhang
Chongqing University
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Wei Liu
Chongqing University
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Abstract

The influence of maximum principal stress level on true-triaxial unloading behaviors and the failure mechanism of sandstone samples were comprehensively investigated by laboratory tests and discrete element simulations. The results show that the level of σ1 at unloading point significantly affects the deformation and failure characteristics of sandstone samples under true-triaxial unloading conditions. As the level of σ1 at unloading point increases, the ultimate bearing capacity of sandstone sample is increasingly strengthened, while the sample collapses more easily during the unloading process, and the failure mode of sandstone sample changes from mixed tensile-shear failure to shear failure. With the increase in the level of σ1 at unloading point, the accumulative micro-cracks at the unloading point and micro-crack generation rate during the unloading phase exhibit an increasing trend, while the sum of micro-cracks at the unloading phase and the ratio between the amount of tensile micro-cracks and shear micro-cracks roughly show a downward trend. The formation of macro fracture in sandstone sample is closely related to the stress conditions and material inhomogeneity. The tensile fracture in the upper right part of sample when the level of σ1 is relatively low should be attributed to the superiority in tensile contacts between particles in terms of contact number and corresponding tensile force.

Peer review status:ACCEPTED

30 Dec 2020Submitted to Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures
31 Dec 2020Submission Checks Completed
31 Dec 2020Assigned to Editor
02 Jan 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
25 Jan 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
27 Jan 2021Editorial Decision: Revise Major
17 Mar 20211st Revision Received
20 Mar 2021Submission Checks Completed
20 Mar 2021Assigned to Editor
20 Mar 2021Reviewer(s) Assigned
22 Mar 2021Review(s) Completed, Editorial Evaluation Pending
24 Mar 2021Editorial Decision: Accept