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Temporal persistence and long-term effect on noninvasive prenatal testing by residual fetal cell-free DNA of demised co-twin after selective fetal reduction in dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies
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  • Min Chen,
  • Fengxia Su,
  • Jia Wang,
  • Li Zhou,
  • Qiang Liu,
  • Xiang Chai,
  • Yu Yuan,
  • Miao Cen,
  • Yujing Wu,
  • Yi Wang,
  • Yan Zhang,
  • Fang Chen,
  • Dunjin Chen,
  • Ya Gao
Min Chen
Department of Fetal Medicine and Prenatal Diagnosis, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University
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Fengxia Su
BGI-Shenzhen
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Jia Wang
Department of Fetal Medicine and Prenatal Diagnosis, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University
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Li Zhou
Clinical Laboratory of BGI Health, BGI-Shenzhen
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Qiang Liu
Clinical Laboratory of BGI Health, BGI-Shenzhen
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Xiang Chai
Clinical Laboratory of BGI Health, BGI-Shenzhen
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Yu Yuan
Clinical Laboratory of BGI Health, BGI-Shenzhen
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Miao Cen
Clinical Laboratory of BGI Health, BGI-Shenzhen
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Yujing Wu
BGI-Shenzhen
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Yi Wang
MGI, BGI-Shenzhen,
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Yan Zhang
MGI, BGI-Shenzhen,
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Fang Chen
BGI-Shenzhen
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Dunjin Chen
Department of Obstetrics, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University
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Ya Gao
BGI-Shenzhen
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Abstract

Objectives: To determine the temporal persistence of residual cell-free DNA (cfDNA) of deceased co-twin in maternal circulation after selective fetal reduction and evaluate its long-lasting effect on noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) results. Design: Prospective observational study Setting: The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University Population: Dichorionic diamniotic twins (n=5) underwent selective fetal reduction of a co-twin with trisomy. Methods: With consent, maternal blood was collected immediately before reduction and periodically after reduction until birth. CfDNA of each maternal blood sample was sequenced for NIPT and analyzed for fetal trisomies and fetal fractions. Main Outcome Measured: Detectable T-scores for trisomy identification and three types of fetal fractions including the total fetal fraction, the fetal fraction of the deceased co-twin, and the fetal fraction of the surviving co-twin.